Volunteers Initiative Nepal (VIN)has been implementing post disaster relief projects in 3 locations i.e. Okhaldhunga, Kathmandu and Nuwakot. We have supported earthquake victims with a focus on women and children. We supported the affected people by supplying tents, food, cloths, health camps, children’s camps, Temporary Learning Centres and Transitional Homes. We successfully constructed 550 transitional homes and 50 temporary classrooms (TLC) in those 3 areas. For the successful completion of this great work, we would like to thank all partners, donors and stakeholders for their kind support. It would not have been possible without the donation and kind support from international organizations, volunteers, partners and humanitarian organizations.
We would like to express gratitude towards local government bodies, political representatives, social workers and local people for their kind co-operation and support in completion of this project. We are also grateful to those affected who kindly cooperated and provided support to build transitional homes.
VIN would like to express special gratitude and thanks to all skilled manpower and volunteers who have contributed in making the safest and most wonderful transitional homes. Over 171 local and 100 international volunteers took part on this project from May to August.
We are also very proud of our staff who worked very hard to make this great work happen. Without them it would not have been possible to organize such tough relief work!
A big earthquake with 7.8 magnitude hit Nepal on 25th April 2015. More than 9000 people died from this massive earthquake. Many houses and world heritage sites were destroyed. Nepal was in immediate need of humanitarian support to rescue people and supply them with immediate need like medical support, food, water, clothes and shelter. We immediately responded to the need to our project sites. Over 24 people were killed; 100 people were injured; 3000 houses and 30 schools were destroyed on our working communities.
We implemented Rapid Response and Rescue projects for the first 4 weeks. On this phase, we supported families with immediate needs like tents, food, clothes, medical camps, medicine supplies and counseling. We approached to 5 communities with more than 32,000 people. Then, VIN supported the construction of 550 transitional homes and 50 temporary leaning centers from our Phase II: Rehabilitation Projects.
|Districts reached out||3 Nuwakot, Kathmandu & Okhaldhunga|
|Families reached out to||5000|
|Population reached out to||32,000|
|Total human resource / volunteers mobilized||300|
|Total cost of the projects||$167,633.50|
|funds from 11 organizations and 315Individuals||$163,411.41|
|Phase I: Rapid Response & Rescue||25th April to 19th May|
|Tents / tarpaulin distributed to||1300 families|
|Emergency relief funds in cash distributed to||592 families|
|Supported in getting stuffs out the destroyed houses||205 families|
|Sessions on WASH (Water, Hygiene & Sanitation)||700|
|Constructed temporary toilets||50|
|Mobile medical camps||694|
|Phase II: Rehabilitation||20th May to 20th Sept, 2015|
|Transitional home construction||550 families|
|Temporary Learning Classrooms (TCL)||50|
|Phase III: Reconstruction & Sustainability (Goals)||21st Sept to 2018|
|WASH – toilet construction||3000 families|
|Rebuilding Earthquake Resistant Infrastructure (RERI):||15,000 population|
|Earthquake Resistant Home Construction Education (REECH)||32000 People|
|Entrepreneurship Building||3000 Youth|
Our Earthquake Relief projects were worth 16.67 million rupees ($167,633.5 USD). The funds were raised by our past volunteers, sponsors &partner organizations – Partners in Sustainable Learning (PiSL), Salvation Army, We Help Nepal, Association Des Etudiants, Knoweldge E., Better world, VFP, MNCYA and Friends of VIN, USA, NL and Australia. Table below shows quick facts of the projects.
The April 2015 Nepal earthquake killed more than 9000 people and injured more than 23,000. More than 450,000 people were displaced. It occurred at 11:56 NST on 25 April, with a magnitude of 7.8 Mw (moment magnitude scale) or 8.1Ms (surface wave magnitude). Its epicenter was east of the district ofLamjung and its hypocenter was at a depth of approximately 15 km. It was the worst natural disaster to strike Nepal since the 1934.
Nepal, with a total Gross Domestic Product of USD$19.921 billion (according to a 2012 estimate),is one of Asia’s poorest countries, and has little ability to fund a major reconstruction effort on its own. The U.S. Geological Survey initially estimated economic losses from the temblor at 9 percent to 50 percent of gross domestic product, with a best guess of 35 percent. “It’s too hard for now to tell the extent of the damage and the effect on Nepal’s GDP”, according to Hun Kim, an Asian Development Bank (ADB) official.
Rajiv Biswas, an economist at a Colorado based consultancy, said that rebuilding the economy will need international effort over the next few years as it could “easily exceed” USD $ 5 billion, or over 25% of Nepal’s GDP.
VIN staff on field to collect damaged statistics
VIN has been mobilizing local and international volunteers in various development sectors including educational programs, trainings and counseling that significantly contribute to enhance the livelihoods of poor and marginalized / disadvantaged communities in Nepal.
VIN’s mission is to empower marginalized communities through enhanced education, health and environment, economic and basic infrastructure development with a special focus on women and children by conducting training and research, mobilizing skilled local and international volunteers to promote equality, economic well-being and basic human rights.
VIN has been implementing development projects in JitpurPhediphedi VDC of Kathmandu District, Okharpauwa VDC of Nuwakot District and Taluwa, Bhadaure and Thulachap VDCs of Okhaldhunga District. Approximately 4150 households and 32000 people have directly benefited from VIN’s efforts.
VIN project sites were significantly damaged by the earthquakes. Post disaster statistics have shown that in JitpurPhediabout 900 houses and 6 schools were damaged, 9 people were killed and 15 people were injured. In Okharpauwa,about 1500 houses and 8 schools were damaged, 10 people were killed and more than 15 people are injured. About 553 houses and 15 schools are damaged and no cases of casualties and injured in the three VDCs in Okhaldhunga.
It was developed a post disaster relief strategic plan to serve its working communities better. VIN developed a plan of action in respect to disaster cycle as rapid response, rehabilitation&reconstruction and sustainability.
The work has been divided into three phases:
Phase I: Rapid response / Rescue – 25th April to 19th May, 2015
Major activities for Rapid response phase:
Phase II:Rehabilitation Phase 20th May to 19th September, 2015
This phase helped the affected rehabilitate through our transitional homes construction and other projects.
Phase III: Reconstruction & Sustainability
This is our long term phase. We will be working until the reconstruction completes in our earthquake affected communities, say at least for next 3 years.
We have 4 projects on this phase.
VIN ED with EQ victims
It was focus on emergency rapid response for first four weeks from 25th April to 19th May, 2015. A strategic plan was formulated to support people in post disaster period. It was prioritized the action and team went to the field.During rapid response phase we rescued people, connect people with their families, hold meetings with communities, Support Tarpaulin to neediest families, Support food and tarps to Orphanage, Cleared the road in town, Community survey, Health and hygiene campaigns, Health camps, Children camps and Support families to get belongings from collapsed houses. Details about VIN‘s rapid response initiative is mentioned below:
The earthquake happened on a Saturday and Saturday is the public holiday.VIN’s immediate response was to rescue volunteers and communicate with staff. It was a hard time as all the means of communications were down. A group of staff rushed to the host families and monasteries to rescue volunteers from the communities. Out of 32 volunteers, 13 were rescued immediately and brought to VIN’s head office. We arranged food and accommodation at the office until the situation was more stable and we could manage something safer for them. Some volunteers wanted to leave the country immediately after the earthquake. So we helped them arrange return flight and took them to the airport. VIN staff were in close contact with all volunteers and provided 24 hours emergency support to them. All VIN’s staff, host families, volunteers were safe! J
VIN’s rapid response to EQ victims, distributing tents to locals
There was no internet, phone and any other means of communication, so it was a challenge to communicate. The most challenge was the electricity. There was no electricity available due to damages. Social media like Facebook and twitter were active after a day. We tried to communicate to our partners through social media whenever possible.
VIN supported 1300 families with tentsimmediately after the earthquake. VIN distributed those to the households who had lost their houses, and it was coordinated the distribution of food for the needy families.
Children were found to suffer more after the disaster. They lacked food and good shelter. There was a high risk of getting sick and they were scared and still in shock. VIN supported orphan children with food, rice, tents and carpets. The children from the orphanages we work with were also counseled about earthquake shock and taught how to be safe on after shock. They were provided with tips and involved in fun activities that helped them cope with their fears stemming from the earthquake.
A team of VIN staff, national and international volunteers went around to the damaged areas and cleared the blocked streets to make life normal in the surrounding areas of the office district and main streets in town. Other local people also joined hands for the work and praised VIN for their initiative.
VIN’s rapid response team and a medical team conducted health camps targeted to EQ victims from JitpurPhedi. Three health camps were conducted with doctors and medicines. All the services provided by the team to victims were free. From three health camps about 150 people benefited. There were more children, women and old aged people. They were found to be suffering with common health problems like respiratory tract infections, gastro enteritis, cough and common cold. In addition, they suffered from headaches and fear of the earthquake.
VIN medical team with the support of two Danish emergency nurses conducted medical camps in JitpurPhedi and Okharpauwa from 17th to 31st of May. We conducted mobile camps in seven villages of JitpurPhedi and Jalkini of Okharpauwa. Altogether 553 patients and earthquake victims benefited from the camps. The medical team worked in Tinpipple health post for 5 days. 141 patients benefited from the clinic. Altogether 694 patients benefited from the camps conducted by VIN.
People suffered from general medical problems like common cold, cough, respiratory infections because of the dust from the destroyed buildings, body aches, skin infections and surgical problems like cut wound, burn wound, and fracture. The medical team treated the victims and dressed wounds and put on splint. There were three emergency cases in three different spots. A woman from Devisthan suffered from a stroke with right hemiplegia, an old woman from Galchi was ill and suffered from low blood pressure and a man from Jalkinin was unconscious. All the cases were managed according to their problem. The team gave saline to an old woman and an unconscious guy. The team managed the cases and referred to hospital. People were found depressed with earthquake and after shock. The team managed psychosocial counselling for those people.
All the services provided by the team were free. People were very happy to get free treatment at their own community.
A group of volunteers and VIN staff supported security personnel to get the stuff out from the collapsed houses. They also helped demolishing the tilted and partly damaged houses so that it wouldn’t cause damage to other houses and people. They helped in ward no.7 at Devisthan.
VIN organized children’s camps in JitpurPhedi. It was targeted to children between 5-13 years from JitpurPhedi who suffered from the earthquake and had no school time. We planned to engage children in fun and life skills activities to come out from the trauma of earthquake and aftershocks.
A French volunteer Sarah and local volunteers conducted a camp for 15 days. There were 150 children in the camps. Children were happy to be at the camps. The program helped calm down the fear of EQ and after shock. In addition, they got opportunity to learn skills like arts, music, dance, life skills.
After the devastating earthquake of 25 April 2015, VIN has also been supporting the women by providing various relief projects and cash support to buy their immediate needs and relief materials. 592 women of Jitpurphedi have directly benefitted from this project.
The main objective of this program was to help the women build temporary shelters and provide support for them to fulfill their daily needs. The main activities were conducting meetings in a cluster by VIN staff and volunteers sharing earthquake relief ideas with women. We conducted fifteen meetings. The women of the community were happy and many of them have been able to build primary shelter. They thanked VIN and its funders for their support.Women were very happy to address the crisis on time and they hoped that VIN will continue to help in future as well.
VIN staff were on the ground for post disaster relief and worked from the day of the earthquake. They worked to help people in coordination with local government bodies and local people. In addition, VIN staff gave company to security personnel and others for rescue. They played an important role in collecting data about the damage and casualties from the area.
It is found that about 553 houses from three VDCs and 6 schools were damaged and no cases of casualties and injured in Okhaldhunga project sites. Out of these houses, 118 from Taluwa, 23 from Bhadaure and 27 from Thulachap were badly damaged. There was a huge impact on Taluwa 5, 7 and 9 wards and Bhadaure 6 and 7 wards.
Altogether 10 schools were affected in the three VDCs. It was found that 4 schools (Dhudhkoshi Primary School, Janachetana Higher Secondary school, Karkala Devi Lower Sec. School and Tinpiple Primary School) from Taluwa, 3 schools (Kalika Primary School, Maheswore Higher Secondary School and Siddha Devi Primary School) from Bhadaure and Rakta Mala Primary School from Thulachap are badly damaged.
An ECD center (Karkala Devi) from Taluwa is badly damaged and other four (Koseli chaur, Bhairampa, Bidya Agan and Saptakanya) from the same VDC are partially damaged. Six ECD centers (Raktamala, Dharapani, Dalit Samudaya, Renuka, Bhagawati and Januka) from Thulachap are partially damaged. Similarly, an ECD center (Kalika) from Bhadaure is badly damaged and six other ECD centers (Tej maya Rai, Shree Seti Devi, Pach Kanya, Jalpa, Siddadevi and Balkanya) from the same VDC are partially damaged.
We supported community with 100 tarpaulins as a rapid response. We facilitated food supplies to the victims
In phase second VIN was concentrated on rehabilitation phase with transitional homes and temporary learning centres construction from 20th May to 19th September, 2015. It was supported to build 550 transitional homes and 50 temporary learning centres in three community sites. Along with this VIN conducted campaigns with people to educate them about earthquake and hygiene and sanitation and water purification.
VIN formulated plan to support poor and needy families to build transitional home. A transitional home is a temporary shelter for families where they can stay for 3-5 years or until they can build new home. Transitional home is designed by an engineer of low cost with safety and perfect look. VIN constructed 550 transitional homes at JitpurPhedi (192), Okharpauwa (203) and Okhaldhunga (155) through the Earthquake Post Disaster Relief Project- 2015.
We started constructing Transitional Homes in communities from the 22nd of May after 2 days of training to volunteers and mason. First two days training was conducted with 29 volunteers and 9 masons. The training was about volunteerism, the concept of Transitional Homes, team work, communication, safety and first aid. An engineering team prepared a design for Transitional homes and gave a presentation to volunteers and mason about the technical aspects.
Altogether 9 groups with a mason and 3 volunteers in each group started building Transitional Homes in JitpurPhedi. It was targeted to support in 300 households initially. VIN managed materials (Jasta (corrugated iron), nail and binding wire) supported to 46 houses in the first phase.
VIN called a local stakeholders’meeting from all project sites. Representatives from the district office, the village development committee, political representatives, social workers and local people were invited to the meeting. We discussed the damagedone by the earthquake and about the immediate need in the community. VIN shared their plan to build transitional homes for the destroyed houses. The major challenge was to choose which family should have priority because it was massive destruction. Therefore, a series of stakeholders’ meetings helped us prioritize the families. Families with disabled or handicapped members, single women, pregnant women, infants, sick, old andpoorwere the number one priority. Families from Dalit, Janajati castesandpoorwere second priority and middle class families, who were financially able, were the last priority. They were encouraged to construct on their own. The stakeholders meeting also helped us recruit local volunteers and skilled manpower.
We advertised the need for local volunteers and skilled manpower in the same communities where we were going to construct the transitional homes. The idea was to empower local people and funds to go directly local beneficiaries. The local volunteers were paid Rs. 400 and skilled manpower Rs 1000 per day. The team had to work 10 am to 5 pm – 7 hours. We recruited 171 local volunteers and skilled manpower from 3 districts. 15 skilled manpower and 45 local volunteers from Okharpauwa, 14 skilled manpower and 42 local volunteers from JitpurPhedi and 13 skilled manpower with 42 volunteers from Okhaldhunga. Skilled manpower were selected based on their motivation, experience, physical fitness and time available.
An engineer team designed a transitional home for our project. It is a simple design with low cost. The team prioritized safety, hygiene, well ventilated and enough space for family and Nepali style. The shelter was designed to use local materials from the broken house rubble, pillars and bars were made from wood and bamboo or whatever available. Similarly,the roof was made from Jasta. In Kathmandu and Nuwakot the walls were also made from the Jasta pata (tin). Whereas in Okhaldhunga,the boundary walls were made of bamboo.
VIN conducted training for 171 volunteers. Out of them 56 were from JitpurPhedi and Okharpauwa where 14 skilled manpower and 42 local volunteers were present at the training in two communities. Similarly altogether 55 were trained in Okhaldhunga where 13 were skilled manpower and 42 were local volunteers. It was for two days in each area. The main aim of the training was to provide life skills and technical knowledge about the project. The outlines featured for day 1 was registration and introduction, schedule, objectives, about VIN, volunteerism, disaster management, disaster cycle, team work, communication, risk and hazards in construction area, first aid and evaluation of the day. Day 2 was on design, structure and measurement of the transitional home, materials needed for the construction, VIN’s support and local support; team building and group division.Lastly,the training was closed with practical exposure to construction.
VIN staff worked with the ward office and local people to identify needy families. A list made by discussion with local people was verified by VIN’s team. The team visited to each and every house toconfirm the support. Families with infants, elderly people, disability, single woman, pregnant women and sick people were selected first. Selected families were provided a list of materials that they had to manage. They were told to get prepared before the volunteers team arrive to the place.
VIN’s procurement unit procured materials needed for the project. We made bids for Jasta, plain sheets, umbrella nails, normal nails 3.5’and 4’, binding wire, gloves, helmet, hacksaw blades, hammer, plier, measuring tape, etc. All the procured materials were transported to project sites. Later it was distributed to the families.
We formed teamsmade up by3 volunteers and a skilled worker. The teams were assigned with the lists of families and a deadline to complete the construction. We allocated 3 days to complete the construction as recommended by the Engineers.
The first families were asked to collect local materials. It was monitored by VINstaff. The families who collected local materialswere approached first. A team of skilled workers and three other volunteers worked for 3 days.First day they worked on managing the land, digging pits and fixing pillars. Second day they fixed pillars, bars and roofs. Third day they fixed the boundary wall.
VIN developed a monitoring tool with a format and a checklist. VIN’s Project coordinator and VIN field staff were responsible for coordinating, monitoring and evaluating of the project. Two field staffwere at the sites each day. The project coordinator regularly monitored each project. In between the project there were review meetings with volunteers.
Jagat Kumari Devkota, 48 years old woman, inhabitant of Dandagaun, Jitpur is a single women. She is living a hard life that she has to struggle for daily living. She had a house in Dandagaun which collapsed in earthquake. When VIN team visited to her she was living in a neighbour’s house. During interview we found she had lost all hope for her life. She was very weak mentally. She said there is no one to help her, she can’t manage Jasta and materials for cottage and she has no money to afford silled manpower either. She was living alone in a single traditional old home out of the village. Her husband died due to unknown disease befor 3 years. She has a daughter who got married and has no cotact with her now. Since her husband’s death her daily life seems to be extremely difficult.
Furthermore she was not getting any support from society and her relatives however she was getting monthly 500 rupees as a social socurity allowance from the government of Nepal which was the main source of income for her. She used to go work in field as a lobourer to run her livelyhood.
Jagat Kumari was crying along the way telling about her existing problem after disaster but no one was there to listen to her words.Her close neighbour gave her a space in her home but they were also asking her to leave the place after a few days. Volunteers Initiative Nepal got information about her from villagers and reach out to support her. Now Jagat Kumari has a cottage which is safe and a good place to live. At the end if the project VIN’s team again approached her, she was happy and expressed her gratitude to VIN and Salvation Army for this kind of support. She was expressing herself with a wide smile on her face. She thinks she got a new life and the house she got will be her life for a long time.
The project was successfully implemented in Kathmandu, Nuwakot and Okhaldhunga. We have been able to support 550earthquake victim families. The families were happy to have a safe transitional home after losing their homes in the earthquake. They have expressed their sincere gratitude to VIN and funding organizations / individuals for their kind support. We are also happy because we were able to construct more than we had targeted.
One beneficiary expressed it best by saying, “We are so happy to have this home. I am not sure it maybe be our life time home. However, we have no capacity to build another home. It has brought new hope in our life to help us survive. We have no words to thank VIN and Donors.” Basanta Diwali, ward-4, Okharpauwa, Nuwakot The project was successful in supporting needy people, and thatwas proved by a case study of the victim from the target community.VIN later made 12 temporary shelters at Bhadaure and 18 at Taluwa. We also provided Jasta, wire, nail for cottage and the locals supported the build.
One of our relief work we have conducted was to construct Temporary Learning Centers for the children who lost schools during the earthquakes time. We were able to construct 50 transitional classrooms in 3 different locations – Okhaldhunga, Kathmandu and Nuwakot
The design of TLC was prepared by the Ministry of Education. Each TLC has two to 7 classrooms. The classrooms a big enough to accommodate children. These Shelters will help schools to run classrooms until they build permanent classrooms. We provided human resources and materials to construct those classrooms. We are happy to see children going back to school again after so long!