Disaster Risk ReductionFact-Sheet
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR):
Nepal is prone and exposed to various types of natural disasters due to her rugged and fragile geophysical structure, very high peaks, and high angle of slopes, complex geology, variable climatic conditions and active tectonic processes. Hence every year the country has to bear the brunt of most common natural disaster claiming many human lives and huge economic loss.
Unplanned settlement, increasing population, weak economic condition and low literacy rate, the lack of coordination among agencies related to disaster management, resource constraint, the lack of technical manpower, the lack of public awareness, very remote, rural and difficult geo-physical situation of the country, absence of modern technology are major obstacles to cope with these natural disasters in Nepal.
Most common and frequent natural disasters are:
Among the natural hazards that occur regularly in Nepal, floods and landslides are by far the most serious ones. They claim many human lives every year and cause other damages such as destruction and blockages of highways, losses of livestock, crops, and agricultural land.
Geologically, Nepal is considered to lie on a seismic zone which experiences frequent earthquakes. As a result, earthquakes of various magnitudes occur almost every year and have caused heavy losses of lives and infrastructures on several occasions.
Windstorms, hailstorms, thunderbolts:
Windstorms, hailstorms and thunderbolts also occur frequently and affect many areas of the country on a regular basis. These events, particularly the hailstorms, cause considerable damages to the crops in the fields.
Every year forest fires occur in many places of the country and cause heavy loss of property as well as loss of many species of wildlife and vegetation.
Glacial lake outburst flood events:
Apart from landslides and river erosion, the high mountains or Himalayas of Nepal, covering about 15 percent of the country, are quite susceptible to land degradation caused by glacial lake outburst floods (GLOF).
VIN’s Initiation on DRR
After the devastating earthquake of 2015 that hit Nepal had left the entire nation in irreparable grief, sorrow and deep scars in the economy and infrastructure of the country. Development is always been a priority for VOLUNTEERS INITIATIVE NEPAL (VIN), and remaining in the sector of disaster management provides opportunities for important long-term engagement and sustainable development.
Realizing this fact, VIN held up and initiated disaster relief & recovery project to support the earthquake victim right after the massive earthquake in April 2015 providing Emergency Relief in three districts of Nepal – mainly, Nuwakot, Kathmandu and Okhaldhunga. The needs of affected communities were provided food, water, shelter, and medicines with the support from National and International Volunteers and sponsors.
Thereafter it has embarked upon building Early, Medium and Long-Term Recovery strategy to support disaster affected communities and finally institutionalize the Disaster Risk Reduction programme as one of its major programme intervention.
There are several projects run under the Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) programme.
Some of them are, Disaster Response & Relief, Disaster Risk reduction preparedness education, Research on Disaster Risk & hazards, Earthquake resistant infrastructure reconstruction etc.
Earthquake Disaster Response & Relief programme was developed into three project phases; Rapid rescue and Response as early, Rehabilitation as medium and Reconstruction & Sustainability as long term project intervention addressing the four major disaster management phases:
- Mitigation – Preventing and minimizing the effects of disaster.
- Preparedness – Planning how to respond
- Response – Minimize the hazards created by a disaster, rescue and emergency relief.
- Recovery – Building Back Better – Returning to normal stage through short term and long term rehabilitation and reconstruction initiatives
We have now been running this programme in its three working districts; Nuwakot, Kathmandu and Okhaldunga with the support of national and international volunteers, funding agencies and individual donors.
Programme at a Glance:
Goal: Minimize the risk of natural disaster and provide relief and safety to vulnerable communities
|Program||Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)|
|Target Group||Vulnerable communities affected by Natural Disaster|
|Project Area||Kathmandu, Nuwakot and Okhaldhunga|
|Rapid Response & Rescue|
|Reconstruction & Sustainability|